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Xi’an

Xian, referred as Changan in ancient times, is located in Guanzhong basin in the middle reacher of Yangtze River. With time-honored history, Xian is also one of the Four Greatest Ancient Capitals in the world, together with Athens, Rome and Cairo. Xian is the place where 13 emperors once established their capitals, which enjoys a history of more than 1100 years. It is one of the birthplaces of the Chinese civilization in the Yellow River Basin area in ancient times.

Xian is home to the colorful culture, distinctive custom, palatable dishes that passed down since ancient times. As capitals of 13 dynasties, Xian hosts numerous historical sites, from the impressive Terracotta Warriors, ancient City Wall, to magnificent Big Wild Goose Pagoda and world-renowned Huaqing Hot Spring. Xian is also the eastern start of glorious Silk Road, which makes this ancient city world-renowned. Walk along the peaceful street and stroll on the foot of city wall to get close to time-weathered history of this ancient city. Xian is also a culinary capital and has much to offer for gourmets, from the Pita Bread Soaked in Lamb Soup, Sheep Blood Soaked in Vermicelli Soup, Pork Sanwiched Between Pita Bread, to Cold Noodles and Qishan Noodles. These diversified dishes would be a great feast to your taste bud.

Xian travel guide offers the most essential information along your Xian travel, such as Xian food, Xian shopping, Xian tours, Xian maps, Xian culture and the like. The Xian travel information would offer you a panoramic idea about your Xian trip.

Things To Do

Xian things to do offers the most popular things to do in Xian. Under the guidance of these top things to do in Xian, your Xian travel would be enriched definitely. No Xian trip is fantastic enough without these things to do in Xian. Click for details about these top things to do in Xian.

Visit the Terracotta Warriors.

Terracotta Warriors is regarded as the Eight World Wonder, which is famous for its uncountable life-like figures, large scale and overwhelming momentum. What Terracotta Army is to Xian, pyramid to Egypt. No Xian travel is complete without visiting the Terracotta Army.

Visit the Big Wild Goose Pagoda.

The Big Wild Goose Pagoda is renowned as the landmark of Xian, where the sutras and figurines of the Buddha brought to China from India by Xuanzang, a prestigious Buddhist translator and traveler in Tang dynasty, are preserved. It is highly recommended to visit.

Watch the Fabulous Fountain Show in the Goose Pagoda Square.

The fountain show in the Goose Pagoda Square is regarded as the largest fountain complex in Asia, which is highly favored by travelers domestic and abroad. The fountain show is available both on nights in weekday and on weekend.

Eat the savory Dumpling Banquette.

Dumpling banquette in Xian is world-renowned. An American president spoke highly of it after enjoying it. The dumpling banquette is featured with differently-shaped dumplings, diversified stuffing and palatable taste, which would be a great feast to your taste bud.

Hang out on the featured Muslim Street

The Muslim Street is the main gathering place where Muslims are inhabited. On both sides of streets display uncountable snack stands and handicrafts, which would be a great feast to your eyes.Eat the local famous Pita Bread Soaked in Lamb Soup, which is a must-have dish along your Xian travel.Boiled with special seasonings, the button tastes more tender and delicious. Soaked in the thick lamb soup, nail-sized pita bread pieces are more chewy and palatable. In Xian, the best time to taste the authentic Pita Bread Soaked in Lamb Soup is Sun Family Restaurant.

Taste cold noodles.

Cold noodle is white, crystal, smooth, thin, chewy and tender, which would be a great feast to you. Accompanied with red spicy pepper and green bean sprout, the cold noodles appear much luring, teasing your tasting bud greatly.

Enjoy the Qishan Noodles.

Qishan Noodles is another must-have along your Xian travel, which is known for its chewy noodles, sour soup and savory seasoning. This is really a must-have along your Xian travel.

Appreciate the fabulous Tang Dynasty Stage Show.

The Tang Dynasty Stage Show is a great combination of art, music, dance and culture, which is a great reflection of the glorious Tang culture in ancient China.

Best Time to Visit

Xian is located in the center of Guanzhong Plain, lying Qinling Mountain in south and facing Weihe River in north. The climate of Xian belongs to semi-humid continental climate in the warm Temperate Zone, which offers the four distinct seasons in Xian. The average temperature in Xian in a year is around 13 degrees centigrade.

The best time to visit Xian is in spring and autumn, neither too hot nor too cold. Strolling around this ancient city during this period would never fail to be a terrific experience. If visiting Lishan Mountain and Cuihua Mountain during this period, visitors would be rewarded with full blossom flowers and breathtaking sceneries. Winter is the last best time to visit Xian, because of the severe cold weather of Xian in that period. Summer is the second to winter because of the burning hot climate of Xian in summer.

Xi’an Attractions

Xian, the ancient capitals of 13 dynasties, is home to numerous historical sites and culture sites. Xian attractions offer the most popular Xian sightseeing along your Xian travel, such as the world-famous Terracotta Warriors, impressive Big Wild Goose Pagoda, distinctive Muslim Street, precipitous Mount. Hua, enchanting Huaqing Hot Spring and the like. These Xian attractions are all must-sees along your Xian trip, which are all arranged along your Xian tours. No Xian travel is complete without visiting these must-visit tourist attractions in Xian. Click for details about these must-have Xian attractions.

Terracotta Warriors
Bell Tower
Ancient City Wall
Muslim Street
Big Wild Goose Pagoda
Mount Hua
Huaqing Hot Spring

Xi’an Tours

Affordable

9 Days China Golden Triangle Tour (AGC09)

From$2,600$1,999
9 Days and 7 Nights
Spend 16 Amazing Days in China, traveling up the Yangtze River & visiting the magnificent city of Hong Kong. Click More info to find out more about this tour.
Affordable

12 Days Classic China Photo Tour (PT-01)

From$3,000$2,699
12 Day 11 Nights
In the morning, your private tour guide will pick you up at the hotel and then transfer you to visit Great Wall at Mutianyu Section. No Beijing tour is complete without a visit to the Great Wall, one of the greatest wonders in the world.
Train Tour

9 Days Beijing, Xi’an, Luoyang, Shaolin Temple by Bullet Train (TT04)

From$2,399$1,899
9 Day 7 Nights
Experiencing Rich Chinese Culture from Beijing, Yellow River Region and Xi'an, Learn a little Chinese Martial Arts at Shaolin Temple.

Xi’an Culture

Xi’an culture offers the featured culture of Xian, the capital of 13 dynasties, such as Qin opera and Shaanxi Eight Oddities. Xian culture offers a great chance to discover this ancient city. The most distinctive Xian culture is listed as follows.

Culture

Xi’an culture offers the featured culture of Xian, the capital of 13 dynasties, such as Qin opera and Shaanxi Eight Oddities. Xian culture offers a great chance to discover this ancient city. The most distinctive Xian culture is listed as follows.

Qin Opera (Qin qiang)

Qinqiang, also referred as Luan tan, is a distinctive folk opera originated in northwest of Shaanxi Province, which is the oldest tune among the national opera arts in China. Qinqiang was derived from the folk songs and dances in Shaaxi, Gansu and Ningxia area in ancient times, which is mainly prevalent in northwest area of China. There are 10-plus characters in Qinqiang, ranging from four kinds of “Sheng” (male), six kinds of “Dan” (female) two kinds of “Jing” (male with painted face) and one kind of “Chou” (Clown). Qinqiang created its own features in singing method, face-painting and costumes. The tune in Qinqiang is resounding, powerful and sonorous. Qinqiang is a featured culture aspect of Shaanxi province. Listening to Qinqiang is really a must-have along your Xian travel. There are 700-plus opera plays presently preserved, which ranks first among other operas in terms of plays preserved. In Xian, Wuyi Theater and Yisu Theater often offers Qinqiang performance every week, which would be a great feast to you.

Shaaxi Eight Oddities

The eight oddities of Shaanxi sang in Shaanxi folk proverb is a vivid reflection of traditional folk customs of Shaanxi people. The eight oddities are as follows. Dwellings are built half-sided with only one slopping plain. Women both old and young usually wear a kerchief on their heads. The noodle is just like waist-belt in terms of its thickness, width and length. Guokui, a leaven flatbread originated in Shaanxi province, is just like the pan-cover considering its shape, size and thickness. Pepper poured with hot oil is a common dish in Shaanxi. The local opera is performed by roaring vigorously instead of singing. People prefer squatting on the ground than sitting on stools. Shaanxi people usually use large porcelain bowl to have meals, which could be as large as basins. These featured oddities of Shaanxi are all vivid reflection of folk culture of Shaanxi.

The Start of Silk Road

In the second century BC in West Han Dynasty under the reign of Liuche emperor, in order to enlarge the territory and establish friendly relationship with neighboring countries, the glorious Silk Road across Europe, Asia and Africa was created. In West Han period, the diplomat named Zhang Qian started from Xian and was westward bound with multitudes of silk carried. This is the first time that China exchanged economic and culture ideas with western countries, hence the Silk Road became world-renowned. The east starting point of Silk Road is in Xian. It is the prosperity of Xian in that period that laid the solid foundation for launching the glorious silk road. Xian made great contribution to the availability of Silk Road.

Xi’an Food

Besides many historical attractions in Xian, Xian is also a culinary city with much palatable Xian food. The most famous Xian food ranges from Pita Bread Soaked in Lamb Soup, Sheep Blood Soaked in Vermicelli Soup, Pork Sandwiched Between Pita Bread, to Cold Noodles and Qishan Noodles. These savory Xian cuisines are all must-eat along your Xian travel. Local-popular Xian restaurants and Xian food streets are offered below as well. Browse for details about the following famous Xian food.

Food

Besides many historical attractions in Xian, Xian is also a culinary city with much palatable Xian food. The most famous Xian food ranges from Pita Bread Soaked in Lamb Soup, Sheep Blood Soaked in Vermicelli Soup, Pork Sandwiched Between Pita Bread, to Cold Noodles and Qishan Noodles. These savory Xian cuisines are all must-eat along your Xian travel. Local-popular Xian restaurants and Xian food streets are offered below as well. Browse for details about the following famous Xian food.

What to Eat in Xian

Pita Bread Soaked in Lamb Soup (Yangrou Paomo)

Pita Bread Soaked in Lamb Soup is a famous local dish in Xian, which enjoys time-honored history. The main ingredient in this mouth-watering dish is mutton and pita bread. First, boil the mutton with special seasonings and then break the pita bread into nail-sized pieces. Then soak the pita bread with the thick lamb soup. Accompanied with sugared garlic, spicy sauce and sesame oil, the Pita Bread Soaked in Lamb Soup tastes more palatable. This dish is suitable for eating all year round, while the best time to taste it falls into winter, which could not only warm your stomach but enrich nutrition in your body.

Sheep Blood Soaked in Vermicelli Soup (Fen Tang Yang Xie)

Sheep Blood Soaked in Vermicelli Soup is another tasty dish in Xian, which is particularly popular among the old and the young. The main ingredients in this dish are sheep blood, pita bread broken off with hands, vermicelli and special seasonings. Accompanied with Chinese parsley, this dish tastes much more delicious. Seasonings in this dish are mainly stomachic medicines, which make itself highly favored by people with dyspepsia illness.

Pork Sandwiched Between Pita Bread (Rou Jia Mo)

Pork Sanwiched Between Pita Bread, Rou Jia Mo in Chinese, is the most popular local snack in Xian, which is now widely consumed all over China. The meat is mostly common pork, stewed for hours in a soup consisting of over 20 kinds of spices and seasonings, so that the palatable flavor could be ensured. The pita bread in this snack is made in a frying pan baked repeatedly for a long period of time. The Rou Jia mo enjoys the reputation as “Chinese hamburger “and is highly favored by people home and abroad. A Rou jia mo usually charges 5-7 yuan in Xian, but the flavor varies from vendor to vendor due to the different seasonings applied.

Cold Noodles

Cold noodle in Xian has diverse varieties because of different ingredients made. According ingredients, cool noodles could be classified into two types, rice-made cold noodles and flour-made cold noodles. Rice cold noodle is white, crystal, smooth, thin, chewy and tender, which would be a great feast to you. The rice cold noodles prepared in Qinzhen Town in Huxian County, Xian is the most popular among the locals because of its special ingredients and seasonings applied. Accompanied with red spicy pepper and green bean sprout, the cold noodles appear much luring, teasing your tasting bud greatly.

Qishan Noodles

Qishan Noodles is another must-have along your Xian travel, which is known for its chewy noodles, sour soup and savory seasoning. Qishan Noodles enjoy a long history, which has been widely spread since Qing Dynasty. Qishan Noodles is originated from Qishan County, Xian, hence the name Qishan Noodles is given. Accompanied with other ingredients like pork shreds, day lily, egg, wood fungus and bean curd, the Qisha noodles tastes more mouth-watering.

Where to Eat in Xian

Major Food Streets in Xian

East Street

East Street is home to many local famous restaurants, such as The Sun Family’s Restaurant, Xian Restaurant, Wuyi Restaurant, Chunfasheng Restaurant, Xian Roasted Duck Restaurant, Defachang Dumpling Restaurant and the like. In these restaurants, the most authentic Xian food would be served.

South Street

The Princess Seafood Hot Pot, fast food restaurants, coffee bars and tea houses are all available, which has much to offer for gourmets.

Beiyuan Gate Area

In this area, diverse Muslim food is easily available, such as Pita Bread Soaked in Lamb Soup, roasted mutton, sauce-salted food and the like. No matter what your preference is, Beiyuan Gate area has something for you.

Dongxin Street Night Market

The night market on Dongxin Street is a large night market in Xian, where diversified snacks both in Shaanxi and other regions of China are all offered, which could meet the needs of different gourmets.

Snack Market in Qiulin Department Store

Most local snacks of Xian could be found here, from buckwheat noodles soaked with sheep blood soup, pancake rolled with duck, pork sandwiched with unleaven flatbread, to vegetables soaked in thick spicy soup, Guokui leavened flatbread, cold beancured jelly and the like. Snacks here are charged with low price but with high quality. Location: 58, Yanta North Road, Lijiangcun Village, Beilin District, Xian

Famous Xian Restaurants Recommended

Fan Family’s Pork Sandwiched with Unleaven Flatbread
Phone: 029-87273917
Location: 51, Zhubashi Street, Xian
Specialty: Pork Sandwiched with Unleaven Flatbread. Due to special seasonings applied, the Chinese hamburger here is featured with crisp tender meat, distinctive flavor and savory taste.

Xian Wuyi Restaurant

Location: 351, East Street, Xian
Phone: 029-87681098
Specialty: Sweet Dumplings stuffed with black sesame, steamed pork dumplings, Queen’s flatbread, Wuyi flavored chicken and spicy sheep blood, Wuyi pork sandwiched with unleaven flatbread. These dishes are all honored as the “The Most Famous Food in China”.

The Sun Family’s Restaurant

Location: 80, Baishuifang Road, Xian
Specialty: Pita Soaked in Lamb Soup, Roasted Fish Soaked with Fermented Beancurd

Yongfeng Qishan Noodles

Location: Southwest of Tumen Gate Crossing
Telephone: 029-85511366
Specialty: Qishan Noodles, Qishan Cold Noodles, Qishan crisp leavened flatbread, Honey Rice Dumplings, Qishan Cold Bean Curd Jelly

Xian Restaurant

Location: 298, East Street, Xian
Telephone: 029-87680618
Specialty: Xian Restaurant is known for its authentic flavor and complete variety. Many national leaders, Zhou Enlai for example, have dinned here and spoke highly of dishes here. The specialties in Xian Restaurant range from Hulu chicken, sweet rice fried with fruit nuts to other local snacks of Xian.

Jiasan Stuffed Dumplings Restaurant

Location: 111, Beiyuan Gate, Xian
Telephone: 029-7257507
Specialty: Stuffed Dumplings

Xi’an Shopping

Besides numerous Xian attractions and palatable Xian food, Xian also has much to offer for shopping-lovers. Xian shopping offers the must-buy items along your shopping in Xian, such as Demaogong crystal crisp cake, paper-cutting, Terracotta Warriors replicas, straw-made pictures and Xian embroidery. Xian shopping page offers some recommended Xian shopping items and some Xian shopping streets. Click for details about each Xian shopping items.

Shopping

Besides numerous Xian attractions and palatable Xian food, Xian also has much to offer for shopping-lovers. Xian shopping offers the must-buy items along your shopping in Xian, such as Demaogong crystal crisp cake, paper-cutting, Terracotta Warriors replicas, straw-made pictures and Xian embroidery. Xian shopping page offers some recommended Xian shopping items and some Xian shopping streets. Click for details about each Xian shopping items.

What to Buy in Xian

Demaogong Crystal Crisp Cake

Crystal Crisp Cake, one of the most popular cakes in Xian, is known for its crystal stuff, delicate shape, crisp flavor and palatable taste, which is the representative of cakes made in Qing Dynasty. The stuff in the cake appears crystal, hence the name crystal cake is given. There are many bakeries producing this cake, while the most famous are the ones made in Demaogong shop. It enjoys more than 100 years history of producing crystal crisp cake. The crystal crisp cake made in Demaogong is featured with special ingredients, sophisticated skills, crisp taste and distinctive flavor, which is highly favored by gourmets home and abroad.

Paper-cutting

Paper-cutting is another must-buy along your Xian travel. It is widely-spread folk art in northern China, especially in Xian and Yanan in Shaanxin province. Due to the vividly-cut images, Shaanxi paper-cutting is reputed as the life-like fossils by experts, which is a vivid reflection of Chinese folk culture. Patterns in the paper-cutting vary from figures, customs to animals. Since red symbolizes happiness and good luck in China, the color of the paper for paper-cutting is mainly red to show good wishes to the future. The main tools for paper-cutting are pieces of paper and scissors. If you are lucky enough, you may have chances to see how paper-cutting is made by artists, which would be a great experience along your travel.

Terracotta Warriors Replicas

Terracotta Warriors is reputed as the Eighth World Wonder, while buying the Terracotta Warriors replicas proves another must-have along your Xian travel. Terracotta Warriors replicas with the same size as the original one are usually exhibited in art museum, history museum, craft and art gallery and large restaurants. In some families, 1/2 or 1/4 size of the original one are often displayed for decoration purpose. The ones with 1/8 size of the original Terracotta Warriors are delicately carved and pocket sized, which are ideal gifts for friends.

Straw-made Pictures

Straw-made picture is the gem of Chinese ancient culture. Although time-weathered, the lifelike models and gorgeous colors of straw-made pictures are still maintained. The straw-made pictures are characterized by unique materials, fine workmanship, delicate patterns and strong three-dimensional sense. Due to the sophisticated skills, the color of the picture never fades away after baking and the gloss of straws are kept as well, which is of highly appreciating and preserving value. These straw-made pictures could be hung on the wall of hotel, meeting room, home and other places are decoration.

Xian Embroidery

Xian Embroidery is featured with vivid images, gorgeous color, diversified patterns and sophisticated skills, which is highly spoken by foreign businessmen. Xian embroidery is mainly used to decorate table-cloth, pillow-covers, cushions and tourist souvenirs. Embroidery in Xian not only inherits the embroidering traditions of ancient times, but blends Shaanxi local features into it. Xian embroidery is one of the representative handicrafts brimming with profound Shaanxi local flavor.

Where to Buy in Xian

Xian Shopping Malls

Century Ginwa Shopping Mall

What to buy: high quality, luxury international brand products, like Bally, Burberry, Dior, Givenchy, Lancome, Estee Lauder Address: No.1, West Avenue, Beilin District, Xi’an
Tel: (029)87631700
How to get to: Take the bus No. 1, 3, 4, 6, 8, 11, 12, 18, 29, 43, 45, 46, 201, 203, 205, 216, 221, 223, 236, 302, 603, 604, 605, 606, 610, 502 and 2 and get off at Bell Tower Street.

Kaiyuan Shopping Mall

What to buy: High quality brand clothes, facilities, daily essentials
Address: No.6, Jiefang Market, East Avenue, Beilin District, Xi’an
Tel: (029)87235340
How to get to: Take the bus No. 1, 3, 4, 6, 8, 11, 12, 18, 29, 43, 45, 46, 201, 203, 205, 216, 221, 223, 236, 302, 603, 604, 605 and 606 to get to.

Minsheng Department Store

What to buy: High quality but reasonably priced cloth and daily essentials
Location: 103, Jiefang Road, Beilin District, Xian
How to get to: Take the bus No. 705, 706 and 710 to get to.

Baisheng Shopping Center

What to buy: High quality clothes and daily essentials
Location: 119, East Street, Beilin District, Xian
How to get to: Take the bus No. 7, 8, 20, 27, 29, 41, 43, 45, 102, 201, 202, 213, 239, 303, 601, 602, 604, 605, 606, 705, 710, 704, 702 to get to.

Famous Xian Shopping Streets

Xiaozhai Commercial Street

What to buy: Nearly all the daily essentials are available here
Location: 38, Changan Middle Street, Xian
How to get to: Take the bus No. 3, 5, 14, 18, 24, 215, 239, 311, 401, 603, 605, 610, 504, 521 to get to.

Muslim Street

What to buy: Xian specialty, handicrafts and souvenirs
Location: 100 meters east of Bell Tower
How to get to: Take the bus No. 1, 3, 4, 6, 8, 11, 12, 18, 29, 43, 45, 46, 201, 203, 205, 216, 221, 223, 236, 302, 603, 604, 605, 606, 610, 502 and 2 and get off at Bell Tower Street.

Shuyuanmen Cultural Street

What to buy: Tour treasure of in study, calligraphy, paintings and souvenirs
Location: Near the Bell Tower in Beilin District

Xi’an Maps