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Kaifeng

Kaifeng was referred as Daliang, Bianliang, Dongdu, Dongjing and Bianjing etc. in ancient Chinese history, which enjoys a history of more than 3000 years. Also Kaifeng is endowed with profound culture and it was the capital of seven dynasties in Chinese history. Kaifeng is situated in the east part of Henan Province, with Shangqiu city in east and Zhengzhou city in west. Kaifeng was listed into national historical and cultural cities in China in 1982. Kaifeng covers 6444 square kilometers in area and spans 6 districts, where 5 million people are populated.

As a popular tourist city in China, Kaifeng has much to offer for visitors, from the impressive Iron Pagoda, magnificent Xiangguo Monastery, to sacred Dragon Pavilion and renowned Kaifeng Museum. These must-visit Nanjing attractions would offer you a great chance to discover this ancient city. Besides, Kaifeng is also a culinary capital with many palatable snacks offered, ranging from Kaifeng steamed small buns stuffed with fillings, Mayuxing bucket-shaped chicken, baked carp covered with baked thin noodles to chrysanthemum hot pot and so on. Kaifeng also has something for shopping-lovers. The Bian embroidery, New Year picture carved on wooden board in Zhuxian town and straw-weaved handiworks would be a great feast to your eyes.

Kaifeng travel guide offers the most essential information for Kaifeng travel, such as Kaifeng food, Kaifeng shopping, Kaifeng tour and the like. These Kaifeng travel information would be a great help along your Kaifeng travel.

Things To Do

Visit Iron Pagoda

The Iron Pagoda, 13 storied and 56-meter high, is a must-see along your Kaifeng travel, which has been standing for 1,000-plus years after weathering earthquakes, floods and war. Iron Pagoda is the best structure to discover ancient Kaifeng, the capitals of 7 dynasties in Chinese history. This is the one of the top things to do in Kaifeng.

Appreciate chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemum is the city flower of Kaifeng and Kaifeng enjoys a history of growing chrysanthemum for thousands of years. A famous saying goes that the chrysanthemum in Kaifeng is the best in the world. Every year since late autumn, all chrysanthemums are in full blossom, which decorate this ancient city perfectly. Every year, the Chrysanthemum Festival would be held and visitors could appreciate chrysanthemum while exploring the ancient culture of Kaifeng further. This is another must-do Kaifeng tourist activity.

Watch the cockfight performance

Cockfight of Kaifeng is world-renowned, which enjoys a long history. Cockfight is a traditional folklore activity since Song Dynasty and many game cocks have won international and national prize for many times in the past years.
Where to watch cockfight competition: Iron Pagoda, Xiangguo Monastery Date: January 2nd, February 2nd, March 3rd and April 4th in lunar calendar

Wander in the night fair to taste snacks

No Kaifeng travel is complete without tasting the local dishes and wandering in the night fair for tasting snacks. The Mayuxing bucket-shaped chicken, stuffed buns served with sauce, almond tea and fried cold jelly have much to offer for you. No recommended things to do in Kaifeng are complete without covering this item.

Enjoy the Stuffed Buns in the First Restaurant On Earth in Kaifeng

The First Restaurant On Earth is a local popular restaurant in Kaifeng, taking stuffed buns as its specialty. The stuffed buns here are characterized by its delicate shape, thin paste, diversified fillings and special seasonings.

Taste tea while watching opera

People in Kaifeng like watching opera and there are many tea houses available in Kaifeng. During your Kaifeng trip, tasting tea while watching local opera in tea house would never fails to be an terrific experience in your Kaifeng travel.

Eat the baked carp covered with fried thin noodles

This is a specialty of Kaifeng food, which is featured with sweet sour taste, chewable noodles, fresh fish and luring appearance. This is another must-eat dish in Kaifeng, which is available in Drum Tower Night Fair, Xisi Night fair and other local restaurants.

Best Time to Visit

In spring, Kaifeng is just recovered from severe cold winter and the climate of Kaifeng during this period is quite favorable. In April, the Song Dynasty Culture and Art Festival would be held by the Kaifeng municipal government, where the folklore of Kaifeng would be discovered.

In summer, Kaifeng weather is burning hot, so Hanyuan Garden, Qingming Riverside Landscape Garden and Kaifeng Prefecture are recommended for visiting. Before your Kaifeng travel, preparing the sun-proofs in advance is essentially needed.

In autumn, Kaifeng weather is quite moderate, neither too hot nor too cold, so the best time to visit Kaifeng is in autumn. Every year, from later October to late November, the chrysanthemum festival would be held in different places of Kaifeng successively, which would be a great feast to visitors.

If your Kaifeng travel falls in winter, Kaifeng still has something to offer. Every year during the Chinese New Year, many temple fairs would be held and all the streets are packed with snacks, which would be a great offer to gourmets. The snow scenery of Qingming Riverside Landscape Garden would be another reason that cannot be neglected to travel Kaifeng in winter.

Kaifeng Attractions

As the capital of seven dynasties in Chinese history, Kaifeng is gifted with time-honored history and profound culture. Kaifeng attractions offer the most popular attractions in Kaifeng, which covers world-renowned Iron Pagoda, ancient Xiangguo Monastery, gorgeous Dragon Pavilion and characteristic Kaifeng Museum. These must-have Kaifeng attractions would offer you a great chance to explore this ancient city. Click for details about these Kaifeng attractions.

Xiangguo Temple
Kaifeng Museum
Iron Pagoda
Dragon Pavilion

Kaifeng Tours

Affordable

15 Days Historical Capitals of China (EDCC14)

From$2,799$2,299
15 Days and 13 Nights
Visiting 6 Capitals in Chinese Culture back from QIN Dynasty. Beijing, Henan Province, Xi'an and Shanghai.

Kaifeng Culture

Kaifeng culture is a representative of Henan culture and it is a vivid reflection of folklore of Kaifeng, which includes city of chrysanthemum, cockfights performance, Yu Opera and so on. Browse for details about Kaifeng culture below.

Culture

Kaifeng culture is a representative of Henan culture and it is a vivid reflection of folklore of Kaifeng, which includes city of chrysanthemum, cockfights performance, Yu Opera and so on. Browse for details about Kaifeng culture below.

City of Chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemum is the city flower of Kaifeng. As a famous saying goes, the chrysanthemum in Kaifeng is the best in the world. Growing chrysanthemum is prevalent in Kaifeng since ancient times. Every year in October, chrysanthemum is ubiquitous in streets, alleys and household. When walking around this ancient city, you could immerse yourself in the golden yellow chrysanthemum sea and smell the fragrance of chrysanthemum heartily. The profound chrysanthemum culture earns Kaifeng the world-known chrysanthemum city and the best place to appreciate chrysanthemum. Every year, the Chrysanthemum Festival would be held and it would be a great feast to visitors’ eyes. Every year, from October 18 to November 28 is the best time to admire Chrysanthemum.

Cockfights Performance

When mentioning cockfights, an ancient folk art in China, Kaifeng should not be neglected. The game cocks in central China, one of the four greatest game cocks in China, mostly derive from the ones in Kaifeng. Cockfight of Kaifeng is world-renowned and many cockfight-lovers come to Kaifei for competition or idea-exchanging. The game cocks in Kaifeng have won many international and domestic prizes in the passing years. Carrying their own game cocks, uncountable cockfight-addicts of Kaifeng head to Beijing, Shanghai and Shijiangzhuang etc. for performance, which is highly favored by the audience. There are many films of cockfight theme in China and the most famous one is the Kaifeng Cockfight, which is quite popular among film-lovers.

Cockfight Competition Date: The second day of January and the first Sunday in January in lunar calendar Address: Dragon Pavilion, Iron Pagoda Park and Xiangguo Monastery

Yu Opera

Yu opera, also referred as Henan bangzi or Henan high tune in ancient times, is originated in Kaifeng and its surrounding counties, which is one the most influential genres of Chinese opera. Henan province is shortly referred as Yu, hence the name of Yu opera is given. After the People’s Republic of China was founded, Yu opera drawn the merits of other genres, blended the novel element of modern opera and created its own style, strong emotional effect, folklore brimmed and distinct rhythm. On May 20 in 2006, Yu opera was listed into the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage. Besides Henan, Yu opera is also distributed in other part of China, like Hubei, Anhui, Jiangsu, Shandong etc., which is the largest local opera in China.

The Settlement of Jewish

Kaifeng is the city that the Jewish is settled earliest in China. In Northern Song Dynasty, a batch of Jewish immigrated to the flourishing Dongjing (Kaifeng now) across Tianzhu (India in ancient time) and lived together with Han people in Kaifeng. The Jewish abided by the custom and tradition of Han people and kept a harmonious relationship with them for 700-plus years. Due to historical, cultural and natural factors, the Jewish was gradually integrated with the local ethnic groups in Kaifeng and prompted the development of Kaidfeng greatly.

Kaifeng Food

Besides a cultural city, Kaifeng is also a culinary city with much Kaifeng food to offer for gourmets. The must-eat Kaifeng food are diversified and varies from Kaifeng steamed small buns stuffed with fillings (xiao long bao), Mayuxing bucket-shaped chicken (Mayuxing tong zi ji), baked carp covered with baked thin noodles (li yu bei mian), to chrysanthemum hot pot and Kaifeng four treasures series (Kaifeng tao si bao). Besides, the local-famous Kaifeng restaurant is also offered in this page. Browse for details about the Kaifeng food and Kaifeng restaurant below.

Food

Besides a cultural city, Kaifeng is also a culinary city with much Kaifeng food to offer for gourmets. The must-eat Kaifeng food are diversified and varies from Kaifeng steamed small buns stuffed with fillings (xiao long bao), Mayuxing bucket-shaped chicken (Mayuxing tong zi ji), baked carp covered with baked thin noodles (li yu bei mian), to chrysanthemum hot pot and Kaifeng four treasures series (Kaifeng tao si bao). Besides, the local-famous Kaifeng restaurant is also offered in this page. Browse for details about the Kaifeng food and Kaifeng restaurant below.

What to Eat in Kaifeng

Kaifeng Steamed Small Buns Stuffed with Fillings (Kaifeng xiao long bao)

Kaifeng steamed small buns stuffed with fillings, created by Huang Jishan, enjoys hundreds of years’ history, which is a famous dish of Kaifeng. The dish is available in the First Restaurant of Steamed Buns in Kaifeng. The steamed buns here are characterized by its thin paste, diversified fillings, chewable taste and palatable flavor. The steamed buns are usually served with vinegar or soy sauce, both of which are available in bottles at the table in the restaurant.

Where to eat:Di Yi Lou Restaurant Location: At the crossing of Zhongshan Road and Sheng Fu Qian Street

Mayuxing Bucket-shaped Chicken (ma yu xing tong zi ji)

Bucket-shaped chicken is a local-famous dish in Kaifeng. The main ingredient in this dish is the local-raised good hens stewed with thick soup. This featured dish is created by Mayuxin, hence the name. This dish is bucket in shape, light-yellow in color, crisp in taste and palatable in flavor, which is now a must-have on the banquette in Kaifeng.

Where to eat: Mayuxing Duck and Chicken Restaurant Location: Snack Night Market, Gulou Street, Southern Square

Baked Carp Covered with Baked Thin Noodles (Li Yu Bei Mian)

Baked carp covered with baked thin noodles is a traditional dish in Kaifeng. The main ingredients in this dish are quick-fried sweet and sour fish and baked thin noodles. This dish is featured with jujube red color, tender fish, thin noodles, crisp taste and delicious flavor. This course is particular about ingredient choosing, seasoning applying and dish preparing. The fish used in this dish is the one living in Huang River, which is featured with fresh flesh, tender texture and pure flavor.

Chrysanthemum Hot Pot (ju hua huo guo)

Chrysanthemum hot pot is a royal dish prevalent in the imperial palace since late Qing Dynasty, which enjoys hundreds years of history in Kaifeng. Since the chrysanthemum is the city flower of Kaifeng, Kaifeng has the unbeatable advantage of preparing Chrysanthemum hot pot in terms of materials. The main ingredients in this dish are fresh fish and chicken soup. Scatter the chrysanthemum slices into thick chicken soup and then put the meat pieces into the soup after the faint scent of chrysanthemum is fully permeated into the soup. Served with special sauce, the hot pot is particularly palatable.

Kaifeng Four Treasures Series (Kaifeng tao si bao)

Four Treasure Series is a traditional savory dish in Kaifeng, which is a representative of Henan cuisine. This savory dish, chicken, duck, pigeon and quail are delicately set in this dish layer by layer, with duck the most outside, chicken second, pigeon third and quail, the most inside. When this dish is shown on table, a complete duck is immersed in the thick soup, luring in color and mellow in smell. After the first layer of duck, then a complete chicken would be in sight, then pigeon and quail. This dish withdraws the merits of these four poultries and makes it multi-flavored. The four treasures series is a must-have along your Kaifeng travel.

Where to Eat in Kaifeng

Xisi Night Fair

What to eat: Kaifeng local snacks, such as Toufu baked on an iron board, Fish Bean curd flat bread, Mutton stringed on a thin stick Location: Near Baogong Temple, about 800 meters far How to get to: Take the bus No. 16 and 20 and get off at Baogong Temple Station.

Drum Tower Night Fair

What to eat: local famous snacks of Kaifeng, such as steamed small buns stuffed with fillings, mayuxing bucket-shaped chicken, baked carp covered with baked thin noodles, chrysanthemum hot pot , kaifeng four treasures series Location:Drum Tower Southern Square, Gulou District, Kaifeng How to get to: Take the bus No. 4, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 20, 22 and 24 to get there.

Kaifeng Shopping

Besides numerous must-visit attractions, Kaifeng also has something to offer for shopping-lovers. Kaifeng shopping offers the must-buy items for Kaifeng travel, such as Bian embroidery, new year picture carved on wooden board in Zhuxian town and straw-weaved handiworks. Some recommended Kaifeng shopping streets are also offered. This Kaifeng shopping page offers a panoramic Kaifeng shopping guide for visitors and it would bring much help for your Kaifeng travel.

Shopping

Besides numerous must-visit attractions, Kaifeng also has something to offer for shopping-lovers. Kaifeng shopping offers the must-buy items for Kaifeng travel, such as Bian embroidery, new year picture carved on wooden board in Zhuxian town and straw-weaved handiworks. Some recommended Kaifeng shopping streets are also offered. This Kaifeng shopping page offers a panoramic Kaifeng shopping guide for visitors and it would bring much help for your Kaifeng travel.

What to Buy in Kaifeng

Bian Embroidery

Bian embroidery, reputedly national treasure, is famous for its fine workmanship, exquisite stitches, diversified patterns, gorgeous colors and graceful style. With time-honored history, Bian embroidery is one of the most famous types of embroidery in China and becomes known since Song Dynasty in ancient times. There are many representative Bian Bian embroidery works presently preserved, among which the most famous are Riverside Scene at Qingming Festival embroidered by Zhang Zerui, Han Xizai Evening Banquet done by Gu Hongzhong, Life-like Poultries Sketch by Huangquan and Five Cows and the like. Each of these works is lifelike in images, rich in colors, distinct in gradation, strong in three-dimensional effect and exquisite in craftsmanship.

Where to buy Bian Embroidery: Kaifeng Bian Embroidery Factory Location: 188 Mujiaqiao Street, Kaifeng City

New Year Picture Carved on Wooden Board in Zhuxian Town

The new year picture carved on wooden board of Zhuxian town, the ancestor of Chinese board-carved new year picture, is one of the Four Greatest New Year Pictures in China and enjoys a history of more than 800 years. The new year picture in Zhuxian town was originated in Tang Dynasty, developed in Song Dynasty and prospered in Ming Dynasty. The pictures carved in the new year pictures are diversified, varying from door-god, kitchen-god, god of wealth and the like. The theme of the new year pictures is mainly about people, stories and legends that well-known to public. The new year picture carved on wooden board in Zhuxian town is characterized by its smooth lines, fadeless colors, distinct gradation, diverse patterns and strong local flavor, which is highly favored by people domestic and abroad.

Straw-weaved Handiworks

The straw-weaved handiworks of Kaifeng is prosperous in North Song Dynasty, which is ubiquitous in alleys, streets and yard of rural houses at that time. The craftsmanship of straw-weavings is passed down from generation to generation in the past thousands of years. In Kaifeng, the largest straw-weaving producer is the Kaifeng Straw Products Factory, which makes producing of this handiwork more professional, time-efficient and pattern-artistic. The patterns of straw-weaved products varies from baskets, handbags, hats, the twelve Chinese zodiac signs, to hanging panels, facial make-up and the like. The straw-weaved handicraft in Kaifeng is characterized by its novel design, exquisite workmanship, life-like images and strong three-dimension effect.

Where to Buy in Kaifeng

Kaifeng Shopping Streets

Songduyu Street
What to buy: calligraphy and painting, antiques, Bian Embroidery, New Year Pictures and Straw weavings
Location: North section of Zhongshan Road, Kaifeng
How to get to: Take the bus No.1 to get there

Zhongshan Road

What to buy: clothes, shoes
Song Street
What to buy: Tourist souvenirs

Kaifeng Department Stores

Shidun Street Market
What to buy: clothes, cosmetics and kitchenware
Daxiangguo Temple Market
Location: Ziyou Road (outside Daxiangguo Temple), Kaifeng
What to buy: clothes, electronics etc.

Renmin Department Store
Location: 23. Madao street, Kaifeng
What to buy: clothes etc.

Tongluo Wan Department Store
What to buy: Clothes, shoes, bags and cosmetics
Kaifeng City Antiques Store

What to buy: Daily essentials
Location: Zhongshan Street, Kaifeng

Millennium City Park

What to buy: Local specialties
Location: Longting West Road, Kaifeng
How to get to: Take the bus No. 15 and 20 to get there

Kaifeng Maps