Often, when Dunhuang is mentioned, a desolate desert landscape would comes to mind: boundless desert, the occasional oasis, tired camels, and so on. Dunhuang, referred as the Sand Oasis in ancient times, is a famous historical and cultural site in China and was once an important city along Silk Road, a bustling trade route which once linked China with India, Central Asia, and the Middle East.
Dunhuang, situated in China’s northwestern Gansu province, at one time was a garrison town which served to protect the Silk Road and features one-of-a-kind Mogao Caves, mysterious Echoing-Sand Mountain, beautiful Crescent Lake, and the timeless Yumenguan Pass. These are all great reasons for you to pay a visit to this unique city: part of China, but a world away from fast-paced Beijing and Shanghai.
Dunhuang is known as a sparkling pearl embedded along the ancient Silk Road and has long been a refuge for weary travelers. Most visitors only stayed long enough to swap a camel and eat, while Dunhuang has much more than this for the travelers of today.
Dunhuang Mogao Cave, or the Thousand Buddha Grottos, designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987, is the most valuable cultural discovery in the 20th century. Dunhuang Mogao Cave is world renowned for its Buddhist murals, sculptures, and impressive library, and it is one of the three greatest Buddhist sculptural sites in all of China.
The caves feature a wide variety of art pieces, including wall and silk paintings, calligraphy, and embroidery. In all, some of the finest Buddhist art is featured in the caves from a period of over 1,000 years.
Dunhuang food is brimming with profound northwestern flavor. Just like people in other places of northwest area of China, people in Dunhuang is much particular about noodles, both in preparing elements and in eating methods. The most representative Dunhuang food are Cold Noodle, Yellow Noodles, Hand-made Noodles with Diced Meat etc.. To any travelers, their Dunhuang travel are incomplete if they missed tasting these must-eats.
Dunhuang, as a famous historical city, has a lot to offer those interested in its cultural treasures, while it also has much to offer for those interested in shopping. The most famous shopping place in Dunhuang is Shazhou market located in the Sunshine Middle Road. Other shopping centers like Feitian Shopping Mall, Tianma Shopping Mall and Jifangzhai Market, are all distributed in the downtown section of Dunhuang, which are all great getaway for shopping.