Transportation in China has been greatly expanded and grown in recent years and modern transportation system is fairly mature. The major transportation system in China includes aviation, railway, highway, water transportation and so on.
Trains are the best and major ways to transport in China at reasonable price and speed. The railway line has covered every province, except Hainan and the link to Lhasa was completed in 2006. The major national arteries include Jingguang (Beijing to Guangzhou), Jingjiu (Beijing to Kowllon), Jinghu (Beijing to Shanghai), Jingha (Beijing to Harbin), Longhai (Lanzhou to Liangyungang) trunk lines. And international railway lines have routes to Ulan Boator (Mongolian), Pyongyang (North Korea), Moscow (Russia), Hanoi (Vietnam), Alma-ata (Kazakhstan). The national railways are always very busy especially during given times like Spring Festival. Most trains have dining cars and the food is generally passable.
In 2007, the high-speed rail service was introduced to China. The high-speed train is faster, more punctual and more comfortable and convenient than normal ones.
China is a country of vast land so it will be easier to travel around China by air. Air network in China is extensive and civil aviation fleet is considered to triple in size over the next two decades. There are four largest Chinese airlines – Air China, Southern Airlines, Eastern Airlines, and Hainan Airlines with up to over 2000 airliners. Now, Chinese airports have 1,279 regular air routes among which 1,035 are domestic flights and 224 are international (including Hong Kong and Macau). International and domestic timetable in English and Chinese comes out in every April and November and visitors can get it at some airports and office of the Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC).
As for baggage, free baggage allowance for an adult is 20kg in economy class and 30kg in first class. And it is free for 5kg hand luggage. The charge for excess baggage is 1% of the full fare for each kilogram. Keep your baggage receipt label on your ticket when you take back your luggage. Compensation for lost baggage is 40rmb per kilogram.
There are a series of trunk roads across China. Nearly all cities, countries and towns are connected by highways. Bridge and tunnel constructions have made great achievement. For example, Runyang and Jiangyin Suspension Bridges over the Yangtze River spanning about 1,385 and 1,490 meters respectively are the third and fourth biggest highway bridges in the world. By the way, a toll in some section of highways is charged.
Waterway transportation are common in coastal and river areas such as Putuoshan, Hainan and islands off Hong Kong, Yangtze River area, Yangshuo and Guilin, etc. Hong Kong uses a veritable navy of vessels to link with the territory’s islands and many boats run between the territory and other parts of China like Macau, Zhuhai, Shenzhen and Zhongshan. Yangtze and Li rivers are most visited because of splendid natural views. The three-day Yangtze River cruising from Chongqing to Yichang are best known in the world. And Li River boat trip from Guilin to Yangshuo is very popular and a must-see in Guilin.