Sanxingdui, or Guanghan Sanxingdui, is situated at the southwest of Sichuan Basin. Sanxingdui is the ruins of the Bronze Age in the middle and late Shang Dynasty. With the history of 5000 years, Sanxingdui is hailed as the “Ninth Wonder of the World” by historians.
Sanxingdui was discovered by a local peasant in 1929. In 1986, two sacrificial pits were discovered and thousands of ancient articles and treasures were dug out which includes bronze wares, jade wares, ivories, shells, earthen wares, gold wares, etc. Since then, over 10,000 relics which can be dated back to between 5,000 and 3,000 BC had been unearthed at Sanxingdui.
The pits in Sanxingdui are believed to be the sites for the ancient Shu people to offer their sacrifice to Heaven, earth, mountains, rivers and other natural gods. According to archaeological finds, the settlements at Sanxingdui were suddenly abandoned. For the reasons that still are unknown, the prime of Sanxingdui culture come to an abrupt end. Some archaeologists speculated that the whole state was flooded, but this proved to be uncorrected. And there is another speculation that the war ruined the ancient Shu Kingdom, but the unearthed war wares belonged to different period of Shu State. How did a country suddenly disappear? It is still a mystery.
Where is the origin of Sanxingdui culture? Judging from the bronze human image, the people’s appearance is like the western people. Therefore people of Sanxingdui maybe come from other continent.
The large amount of ivories and seashells discovered at the site. But Sichuan is an inland place where elephants didn’t live in ancient time, either did the seashells.
Mysteries remain and guesses still abound at Sanxingdui.
Admission Fee: 80RMB Opening Time: 8:00 – 18:30
How to get to: There is direct coaches to Sanxingdui Museum at northern Chengdu Railway Station.