The Potala Palace, located at the northwest of Lhasa, Tibet, was built in the 7th century by the king Songtsan Gambo for his bride, the princess Wen Cheng of Tang dynasty. Rising over 3,700 meters above the sea level, Potala Palace has 999 rooms. The 13 story palace, with an area of 410,000 square meters was completely constructed by wood and stone. The magnificent palace is the cream of ancient construction in Tibet, which is nicknamed “Sacred Palace on Plateau”.
The Potala Palace, the residence of Dalai Lama of the various generations, is the ruling center of the theocratic system. The important religious and political rituals always are held here. Potala also is the holy stupa, where the mortal remains of several Dalai Lamas were placed. The unique Tang-ga, historical relics and frescos on various themes are kept in Potala Palace which was selected as national priority cultural relic protection sites in 1961.
According to one of folk story, the Potala was built for marrying the princess Wen Cheng. And the most part of palace were destructed after the overthrow of Tubo dynasty. The palace was reconstructed by ldan Phodrang dynasty, established by the 5th Dalai Lama and approved by Qing dynasty in 1645. Then it was enlarged and renovated by the successive Dalai Lamas.
The palace is comprised of the White Palace in the east (residence of Dalai Lama), the Red Palace in the middle (the holy stupa of Dalai Lama) and monks’ dormitories in the west. There is a white wall in front of the Red Palace for hanging the large paintings of Buddha. There are eight holy stupas in the Red Palace, among which the first stupa belonging to the 5th Dalai Lama is the biggest. According to historical record, the gold used to overlay this stupa reach 3,656,300 grams and mortal remains the 5th Dalai is put in it.
Potala Palace, the architural wonder, is the symbol of Tibean nationality which was selected on the Word Heritage List in 1994.
Admission Fee: 200RMB (high season), 100RMB (low season)
Open Time: 9:12 – 12:00, 15:30 – 16:30