The City Wall of Nanjing was designed by Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang, the founder of Ming Dynasty, to consolidate his sovereignty and keep out invaders. Nanjing City Wall is famous for its solid construction and impressive momentum, which is considered as the No.1 ancient city in China. The total area enclosed was 15,168 square meters, 33676 meters in perimeter, 12 meters in height and 7.62-meter in depth. Built with large bricks with other high quality materials, the ancient City Wall of Nanjing is quite solid, which stands still after weathering years of rains and storms in the past 600 years.
The Nanjing City Wall hosts more than 2000 blockhouse, 13616 crenels, 200 hidden houses and 13 city gates. Among the gates enclosing the city, among which Zhonghua Gate in south, Yijiang Gate in northwest, Xuanwu Gate in northeast and Zhongshan Gate in east are all well-preserved. Three barbicans were connected by four arched gates, each of which was equipped with a Qianjinzha which could be opened up and down. A pair of wooden doors is also built beside it.
China Gate is located in the north shore of Qinhuai River, which is primitively called Jubao Gate in Ming dynasty and served as the northern gate of Nanjing. It was renamed as China Gate since 1931. Inside the China Gate lies Zhenhuai Bridge, outside, Changgan Bridge. On the both sides of the bulwarks stands two 11.5-meter-wide and 86.1-meter-ong packways., which plays an important role in the war. The grand packways is mainly served as express ways of transporting supplies during wartime.
The constructing of City Wall in Nanjing enjoys the advantage of its sounding natural terrain, with Zhongshan Scenic Area in east, Stone Mountain in west, Qinhuai River in south and Xuanwu Lake in north, Lying on the riverbank and nestled aside mountain, the City Wall appears quite overwhelming.
Admission Fee: 25RMB
Open Time: 8:00-21:00
How to get to: Take the bus Toursit2, Tourist 4, No.2, 16, 26, 33, 49, 88, 101, 102, 105, 106, 305 and get off.