Xian City Wall, square-shaped, is located in the downtown of Xian, 12 meters in width, 18 meters in the bottom-width and 15 meters in top-width. Xian city is enclosed by walls in four directions, which protects this ancient city solemnly. The east wall stretches 2590 meters long, west wall, 2631.2 meters, south wall, 3441.6 meters, and north wall, 3241 meters, with 13.7 kilometers in circumference. There are four gates equipped into the wall, namely Changle Gate in the east, Anding gate in west, Yongning gate in south and Anyuan gate in north.
The Xian City Wall was built under the administration of Zhu Yuanzhang Emperor Ming Dynasty and was renovated in the following dynasties, which enjoys a history of more than 600 years and is the most completed city wall presently preserved in China. On each city gate, three gate towers named Zhenglou, Jianlou and Zhaloun respectively are equipped. Among the three, Zhalou, opposite to Zhenglou, stands the most outside, where the suspension bridge could be raised or lowered. On Jianlou, a small square-shaped window is equipped both in front and besides, which is the main place for archery. Zhenglou stands innermost, which is the main entrance to the city. Jianlou and Zhenglou Towers are connected by city walls and the area squeezed between walls is called ‘Wong Cheng’, which is mainly used to station soldiers. In Wong Cheng, slope horse paths leading to the entry of city are also built for horse-passing.
In the Xian City Wall, such essential military facilities as moat, drawbridges sluice gate towers, turret, ramparts, and crenels, are all adequately equipped. Xian City Wall, together with a time-weather moat and surrounding Huancheng Park, has now become one of the must-sees in Xian, which appeals numerous travel-lovers to pay a visit annually.
Riding a bike to visit the Xian city wall is highly favored by many visitors and bikes could be rented on the wall. It usually charges about 40yuan for riding 100 minutes.
Admission Fee: 40RMB Open Time: 8:00-22:00(spring and summer); 8:00-19:00 (autumn and winter)
How to get to:
Take the metro No.2 and get off at Yongningmen Station.
Take the bus No. 5, 18, 215, 603 and 611 etc. to get to.