Located in the southwest border with Vietnam, Laos and Burma, Yunnan province lies between the geographic coordinates of 97°31' - 106°11' E longitude and 21°8' - 29°15' N latitude. It is a quake-prone, mountainous province covering an area of over 390,000 square kilometers with a population of 40.5 million. It has borderlines of 4601 kilometers, making it the province embracing the largest number of neighboring countries and has longest borderlines. So far, it has opened 11 National port, 9 Provincial port and nearly 100 border crossings becoming an important communication gateway to South Asia and Southeast Asia.
Kunming is largest and capital city of Yunnan Province.
History and Culture:
Yunnan is one of the birthplaces of human civilization. The culture of Yunnan features its time-honored history, numerous cultural remains and ethnic diversity. In the north part of middle Yunnan, the Earth Forest of Yuanmou is of great momentum with the sites yuanmou People nearby 1.7 million years ago. So far, the fossils of Yuanmou, also known as fossils of the earliest Homo erectus People unearthed in China. Except that, we can also recognize cultural connotations from ancient remains such Three Pagodas of Chongsheng Temple in Dali, Guzhuang in Kunming, East and West Temple and so on.
There are 25 nationalities living in Yunnan Province, which forms colorful ethnic culture. Each ethnic group has their own typical characteristics in architecture, dress, dialect and even festivals. In terms of festivals, it can be divided into religious festivals, memorial festivals, and entertaining festivals. Among them, the Torch Festival of Yi Nationality, the March Fair of Bai Nationality, the Water-splashing Festival of Dai Nationality, the Zongge Festival of Jingpo Nationality and the Knife Pole Festival of Lisu Nationality are the most famous.
Located in low latitude plateau, Yunnan province belongs to humid monsoon in plateau zone with favorable climate throughout the year. The average temperature in the hottest month is 19°C - 22°C while 6°C - 8°C in the coldest month of a year. The rainfall precipitation of the whole province is abundant and unevenly distributed. The average annual is 1100 millimeters concentrated in June, July, August accounting for 60% of annual precipitation. It has long frost-free period. In the southern border of Yunnan, it is frostless all year around. Kunming, the capital city of Yunan is hailed as "spring city" and suitable for visiting all year round.
Yunan is also called "wonderland" by outsiders and famous for beauty, abundance and mystery attracting numerous tourists home and abroad for visiting according to Yunnan travel guide. There are 6 National Key Scenic Spots including the Stone Forest, Dali, Xishuangbanna, Dianchi Lake, Three Parallel Rivers, Jade Dragon Snow Mountain. Lijiang Old Town is the only Chinese city put into the World Cultural Heritage list by UNESCO. It is also known as the best-preserved old town together with langzhong of Sichuan, Pingyao of Shanxi and Shexian of Anhui. The western Yunann scenic spot area taking Dali as centre is praised as the "Switzerland of the Orient". The most famous attractions include Jade Dragon Snow Mountain, Tiger Leaping Gorge, Erhai Lake, Three Pagodas of Chongsheng Temple, etc..
Except alluring attractions suggested by Yunnan guide, it also has many festivals with strong ethnic characteristic such as the Torch Festival of Yi Nationality, the March Fair of Bai Nationality and so on. When come to Yunnan, the Water-splashing Festival of Dai Nationality will make you feel impressive and unforgettable.
By Air: Wujiaba International Airport, located in southeast part of Kunming city, is a national first class airport. Yunnan province has 20 domestic air routes from Kunming to Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chengdu, Haikou, Chongqing, Shenyang, Harbin, Wuhan, Xian, Lanzhou, Hangzhou, Xiamen, Nanning, Shenzhen, Guiyang, Changsha and Guilin; 8 provincial air routes from Kunming to Jinghong, Mangshi and Simao; and 9 international air routes from Kunming to Bangkok, Yangon, Vientiane and Hong Kong. There are airports at Dali, Lijiang, Shangri-la, Baoshan, Lincang, Dehong, Puer, Xishuangbanna, Zhaotong, Wenshan.
By Train: Yunnan railways take Kunming as centre to extend railway lines. It has Guikun railway (Guiyang-Kunming) to the east, Chengkun railway (Chengdu-Kunming) to the north, Nankun railway (Nanning-Kunming) to the south. Railway lines are underdeveloped in Yunnan and under construction.
By Bus: Taking Kunming as centre, there are 7 state ways including the 108, 213, 214, 320, 323, 324, 326 ways and 61 provincial ways crossing Yunnan Province.
The province has formed a network of communication lines radiating from Kunming to Sichuan and Guizhou provinces and Guangxi and Tibet autonomous regions, and further on to Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam and Thailand.